Different Termite Types and Areas They Are Found

To protect your home against termites, it is helpful to know the different types of termites that exist and in what regions they can be found. There are more than 2,000 species of termites across the world, but only 50 of those species are found within the United States.

termite damange

Not all termite types, or species, are considered destructive to homes. But if you suspect that termites are in your home, it is best to hire a termite control professional with the tools and expertise to find the most effective solution for you. To help you get started, here are descriptions of the three most common types of termites found in the U.S.

Termite species and where they are commonly found

Each species of termite has unique traits and habitat preferences. The three types that are considered pests in the U.S. are the native subterranean termite, the drywood termite and the Formosan termite, which is actually a species of subterranean termites. While these pests live in different areas and have unique characteristics, they share a common behavior: They can all chew through wood undetected.

Subterranean termites

Region: Found in every U.S. state except Alaska; extremely common in southern states and hotter climates

There are at least seven species of subterranean termites common in the U.S. They include the:

  1. Eastern subterranean termite (the most common)
  2. Formosan subterranean termite (not native to the U.S.)
  3. Dark southeastern subterranean termite
  4. Light southeastern subterranean termite
  5. Western subterranean termite
  6. Arid land subterranean termite
  7. Desert subterranean termite

Subterranean termites nest in the soil and migrate upward to feed on the wooden structures in homes. These types of termites can form large colonies. The Formosan termite is particularly destructive due to its larger colony size. Formosan termites can be distinguished from other subterranean termites by their darker, yellow-brown body color. The workers look like most other worker termites, while the soldiers have a distinctive oval-shaped head that differs from the rectangular-shaped heads of the Eastern subterranean termites. We'll detail this termite some more below.

Drywood termites

Region: Southern part of California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia and all of Florida

There are three common species of drywood termites in the U.S., including the:

  1. Southeastern drywood termite
  2. West Indian drywood termite
  3. Western drywood termite, also known as the desert drywood termite

These types of termites nest in the dry wood primarily found in wood structures, frames, flooring and furniture. They receive all of their nutrition from wood and, unlike other termites, do not require moisture from soil. Drywood termites can create multiple colonies within a home. While they are uncommon in cooler climates, they can survive in northern climates under the right conditions.

Formosan termites

Region: Alabama, California, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia

Formosan termites are one of the most aggressive and destructive types of termites. Like other termites, these termites are known for destroying wood by boring tunnels through walls. Just one Formosan termite colony can potentially contain more than 10 million individual termites taking up residence in a plot of soil.

Keeping your home free from termites

Termites can live in your home without you noticing. That's why an annual inspection by a trained termite professional is important. A customized treatment or protection plan, which includes an annual inspection, is your best defense against termites and the damage they can cause.

 

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