Subterranean termites are the most-widespread termite species in the United States. As their name implies, these termites nest in the soil. They make their way into homes by creating and foraging through mud tubes. These termites are basically found all across the United States.
The size of a subterranean termite depends on its caste in the colony. Workers can be one-eighth to three-eighths of an inch in length. Soldiers are about as long as the workers, but have larger heads. Reproductives measure about 1 inch in length.
Drywood termites get the moisture they need from the wood they consume and do not require it from the soil. Therefore, these termites live in the wood they’re consuming, above ground. These termites are typically found along the southern coast of the United States.
The size of a drywood termite also depends on its caste. Soldiers measure around three-eighths of an inch. Reproductives are about one-half of an inch in length.
Formosan termites are a type of subterranean termite. These termites are more aggressive than other types of termites. Formosan termites are typically found in the southeastern United States and Hawaii.
Including wings, these they measure about one-half of an inch in length.
Termite swarmers are the reproductive termites of the colony. When conditions are right, swarmers fly away from their nest to mate and establish new colonies.
After termite swarmers mate and find a place to start a new colony, the termites shed their wings. The presence of flying termites or their discarded wings is a sign that there’s a termite infestation nearby and a good reason to get a professional termite inspection.
Subterranean termites build mud tubes that allow them to forage from their nest in the soil to their food source, which is typically found in a home. These mud tubes are typically made up of small pieces of wood and soil and helps protect them from predators. It also contains moisture, which helps protect the termites from the dry environment while they’re traveling to and from their food source.
Termite damage can come in different forms and can show up in different places – walls, floors, etc. And by the time damage is noticed, extensive damage may already be done. If you suspect termite damage, or want a regular inspection (recommended), contact a termite control professional.
Drywood termites cause their damage from the inside out. And when foraging through wood, they create tiny kick out holes where they discard their excrement, which can cause small piles of wood pellets on the floor. These termite droppings, which are also called “frass,” are often described as looking like sawdust.
It's recommended to have your home inspected annually for new termite activity, whether you notice termite activity or not. Learn more about termite control today.