Brown Recluse Spider Bite Symptoms

Brown recluse spiders can be identified by the dark, violin shape on their back. When this type of spider bites you, the reaction can be severe. However, identifying brown recluse spider bite symptoms can be difficult.

Biting range

Before becoming too concerned about a venomous spider bite, consider the area you live in. According to the Illinois Department of Public Health, “Brown recluse are extremely rare outside their known range, yet ‘brown recluse spider bite’ remains a catch-all diagnosis for necrotic wounds.”

Specific regions where brown recluse spiders can be found include parts of Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee and Georgia. They are most prevalent in Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas and Missouri.

Bite reactions

The Entomology and Nematology department at the University of Florid describes the physical brown recluse spider bite symptoms as follows:

Bite symptoms

According to the Centers for Disease Control, symptoms as a result of a bite include:

  • Itching or rash

  • Pain radiating from the site of the bite

  • Muscle pain or cramping

  • Reddish to purplish color or blister

  • Increased sweating

  • Difficulty breathing

  • Headache

  • Nausea and vomiting

  • Fever

  • Chills

  • Anxiety or restlessness

  • High blood pressure

If you are concerned you are exhibiting brown recluse spider bite symptoms, you should call 911 immediately or the National Poison Control Center at 1.800.222.1222.